Mosquito / Midge Pest Control

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Mosquitoes have the ability to sense our presence more ways than one, making them a real pain. The sudden increase in the number of mosquitoes most often happens during warm weather, typically after rain or floods.

Here are some facts that you might want to know about these nasty little insects:

  • They are attracted to dark colours.
  • They quickly develop from eggs to adults in roughly 8 days.
  • They breed and hatch next to still water.
  • Mosquitoes will normally bite and be most active around sunrise and sunset.

Signs of Mosquitoes & Midges

You don’t need to be told there is a mosquito infestation on your premises, if you find yourself with itchy bites every time you step outside and there are swarms of mosquitoes around.

So what makes your premises attractive to mosquitoes?

  • Standing water including water butts, water trays from house plants and water bowls, where they lay their eggs.

  • Mosquitoes will travel a long way to feed so any standind water within a mile of your premises could be the source of the problem.

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How To Get Rid of Mosquitoes & Midges

Mosquitoes can be extremely annoying and while DIY solutions may help on a small scale, a large or persistent infestion will require the use of a professional service. Get in touch and we will be able to remove these pests.

Mosquitoes & Midges Prevention

Natural repellents - Such as peppermint oil, citronella, garlic, emon eucalyptus oil, witch hazel, and garlic,.

Remove Access to Standing Water - Cover water butts with well fitted lids to prevent mosquito larvae in the water.

Keep windows closed - After dark, keep windows and doors closed or block out the light with curtains.

Insect screens - Fit fly screens to windows.

No standing water - Do not leave standing water (in watering cans for example) as this gives mosquitoes a good place to breed.

Natural predators - If you have a garden pond, think about getting some goldfish as they will eat mosquito larvae.

Mosquito & Midge Species

  • Anopheles Mosquito

    (Anopheles SPP.)

    The Anopheles mosquito is responsible for transmitting malaria.

    Appearance

    • Adult – pale and dark marks on its wings and resting 45 degree angle to the surface.
    • Larval rest parallel to surface of the water.
    • Egg is about 1mm long and has floats on its sides.

    Life Cycle

    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days.
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

    Habits

    • Habitat – prefer clean and unpolluted water.
    • Biting rhythm – bite at night and rest indoor and outdoor (depends on species).
    • Prefer darker colours.
    • Female with one blood meal can lay 50 – 150 eggs.
  • Aedes Mosquitoes

    (Aedes Aegypti)

    The Anopheles mosquito is responsible for transmitting malaria.

    Appearance

    • Adult has black and white markings.
    • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water.
    • Egg is black in colour and shape like a rugby ball.

    Life Cycle

    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 8 days.
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

    Habits

    • Habitat – container breeder especially man-made containers with clean water.
    • Prefer darker colours like black and red.
    • Can fly short distance (50 – 100m).
  • Culex Mosquito

    (Culex Tritaeniorhynchus)

    Culex mosquitoes are the main vector for Japanese B – Encephalitis

    Appearance

    • Adult – thorax, legs and veins on the wings are always covered with brown scales. Dull in colour. The tip of the abdomen is always blunt.
    • Larval rest 45 degree from the surface of the water.
    • Egg is brown, long and cylindrical, vertical on water surface, cemented in a raft of 300 eggs. Raft usually 3 – 4mm long and 2 – 3mm wide.

    Life Cycle

    • Egg to adult stage takes 6 – 10 days.
    • Complete metamorphosis – egg, larval, pupa and adult.

    Habits

    • Habitat – mainly breed in paddy field, polluted stagnant water and drains.
    • Biting rhythm – bite at night and usually rest indoor before and after the blood meal. Sometimes they may rest outdoor.
    • Prefer darker colours.
    • Long distance fliers.
  • Biting Midge

    (Culicoides impunctatus)

    Culex mosquitoes are the main vector for Japanese B – Encephalitis

    Appearance

    • Small flying insect.
    • Adult midges are about 1.5 - 4.0mm long.

    Life Cycle

    • Lifespan of 20 to 30 days.
    • Hatched from eggs.
    • Egg batches contain between 30-100 eggs.
    • 1 to 2 day larvae stage.

    Habits

    • Lives in bog land, near lakes and ponds, marshland, rivers and streams and general wetlands.
    • Feeds on blood.
    • Tendency to swarm.
    • Found in upland and lowland areas especially in the north west of Scotland from late spring to late summer.
    • Most active at dusk and dawn.
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